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This topic implies monitoring of water bodies and study of their condition, including both surface (rivers, lakes, seas, etc.) and ground waters. Research is required on the impacts of anthropogenic discharges on self-purification processes, and on formation of natural waters quality used for fish-breeding, drinking, technological scopes and/or irrigation. Prevention of eutrophication and of irreversible disturbance of water bodies’ balance needs analysis. Research should be conducted on water-vegetation systems in view of remediating and stabilising their optimal life conditions.
Studies are also welcome on the elaboration and perfection of biological, physical-chemical and mechanic methods to prevent municipal and industrial discharges in natural waters. This includes developing treatment systems for aquatic compartments polluted with toxic components, persistent organic pollutants, heavy metal compounds, and nutrients (nitrogen and phosphorus). Studies may focus on developing water saving and reusing systems. Another relevant issue in this context is the extraction of precious components from waste waters and obtaining of useful and commercial products as a result of this processing.
Furthermore, impacts of landfills of domestic and production wastes on the formation of qualitative and quantitative composition of underground waters and people’s health may be studied. Attention may also be paid to waste stabilisation measures to prevent their leaching with atmospheric precipitates, and to processing of waste into useful products.
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