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The IPCC AR5 (5th Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) shows that climate change and extreme climate events seriously impact the land and marine environment. This topic concerns observed and projected changes in climate, climate extremes and weather, including analyses of observed and projected impacts on the environment, water resources, ecosystems and biodiversity, fishery, aquaculture and agriculture.
Studies are welcome of long-term changes of major indicators of climate, ECVs, and comparative analysis of factors influencing them over Eurasia. Heat waves and frosts, heavy rain and snowfall, floods and extreme sea levels, droughts and forest fires, desertification and permafrost degradation are of main concern. Potential projects may focus on furthering our capability to understand, detect and predict the key risks to regional marine ecosystems using a comparative approach (e.g., Mediterranean, Black Sea, Caspian Sea, Baltic Sea, Barents Sea, North Sea), arising from multiple stressor interactions brought about by climatic and direct anthropogenic change.
For land-based managed ecosystems, projects should focus on the feedback loop that agriculture and sylviculture can provide to climate change mitigation and adaptation. Another topic of interest is whether or not extensively managed forests, which constitute the back bone of European and Russian forestry, possess the evolutionary capacity and the community structure to adapt to climate change and which management scenarios, industry modification and policy adjustments are necessary to sustain these natural processes. Again, modeling and experimental approaches are relevant, and stakeholders have a major role to play for this topic. Contrasting scenarios among the many climate regions of Europe and Russia would be particularly relevant.
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